Types of STIs

Learn more about healthy sexual practices, facts, myths and protect yourself.

How is it transmitted?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Sharing sex toys
  • Genitals coming into contact

Common Symptoms

  • 90% of the women can be asymptomatic
  • Changes in vaginal discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Pain while urinating

Treatment

A complete dosage of antibiotics(usually azithromycin, doxycycline) for you and your partner as prescribed by the doctor. It is highly advised that you maintain 7 days of abstinence.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Sharing sex toys

Common Symptoms

  • Pain/Burning while urination
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • Rectal discharge or constipation
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Infection of the throat or mouth can cause a sore throat, but oral gonorrhea usually causes no symptoms at all.
  • Pain with bowel movements

Treatment

A complete dosage of antibiotics(usually Ceftriaxone as injection, azythromycin) for you and your partner as prescribed by the doctor.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Sharing sex toys
  • Blood transfusion
  • Sharing needles

Common Symptoms

  • Painless Sores
  • Rashes
  • White patches in the mouth

Treatment

A complete dosage of antibiotics(mostly Penicillin, sometimes Ceftriaxone) for you and your partner as prescribed by the doctor.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Genital Touching
  • Contact with open sores

Common Symptoms

Initial outbreak is associated with the following symptoms :

  • Feeling of pressure in the abdomen
  • Flu-like symptoms, including fever
  • Itching or burning feeling in the genital or anal area
  • Pain in the legs, buttocks, or genital area
  • Swollen glands
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Recurrent episodes result in outbreak of ulcers

Treatment

There is no cure for Herpes. Your doctor will prescribe medicines such as acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), and valacyclovir (Valtrex) to prevent outbreaks or symptoms and reduce the risk of passing it on to your partner.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Sharing needles

Common Symptoms

  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Yellowness of skin and eyes

Treatment

You cannot be completely cured of Hepatitis B. However, your doctor will prescribe antiviral medications such as including entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) that can keep the virus under control and reduce the risk of long term health problems.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex
  • Genital contact

Common Symptoms

  • Genital warts

Treatment

The virus cannot be cleared completely but there are treatments available for the symptoms it can cause.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Sharing needles
  • Unprotected sex

Common Symptoms

  • Bleeding and bruising easily
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark colored urine
  • Fever
  • Itchy skin
  • Weight loss

Treatment

Antiviral medications as prescribed by the doctor.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Antibiotic use, which causes an imbalance in natural vaginal flora
  • Pregnancy
  • Uncontrolled diabetes

  • An impaired immune system

  • Taking oral contraceptives or hormone therapy that increase estrogen levels

Common Symptoms

  • Pain with urination,
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Reddened and swollen vulvar and vaginal tissues.
  • Some women have no abnormal vaginal discharge. Others have white clumpy (curd-like) or watery vaginal discharge.

Treatment

Antifungal medicine applied inside the vagina or a single dose of flucanazole as prescribed.Women with persistent symptoms are usually given a longer course of treatment for infections. This might involve several doses of fluconazole taken a few days apart, followed by weekly doses for the next six months.Between 5 and 8 percent of women have recurrent yeast infections, defined as four or more infections per year.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • A history of other sexually transmitted infectionsPregnancy
  • A previous episode of trichomoniasis
  • Unprotected Sex
  • Its risk of infectivity to the
    vagina is favoured by a low general resistance and when the
    pH is raised as during a menstrual period (pH 5–6). It is not
    uncommon during pregnancy and is often associated with
    gonococcal infection.

Common Symptoms

  • Most develop symptoms 4–28 days following sexual contact with an
    infected partner or contact with infected material. Seventy
    per cent show typical discharge, which is profuse, thin,
    creamy or slightly green in colour, irritating and frothy.
  • Genital redness, burning and itching
  • Pain with urination or sexual intercourse
  • 20% of women are asymptomatic
  • Abdominal pain and low back ache if the infection remains untreated

Treatment

Antibiotic medication (metronidazole or tinidazole) for you and your partner.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Sharing needles
  • Unprotected sex
  • Blood transfusion

Common Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Rash
  • Sore throat and painful mouth sores
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Cough
  • Night sweats

Treatment

There is no cure for HIV. However, there are medicined to control HIV and prevent further complications.

How is it transmitted ?

  • Sexual contact with a partner who is infected with Scabies
  • Sharing clothes, towels or bedding with an infected person
  • Direct skin-to-skin contact

Common Symptoms

  • Intense itching that gets worse at night
  • Red, blotchy rash and silvery lines, like tracks, on the skin where the mites have burrowed
  • Rashes on genital area, between fingers and toes in hands and feet, nipples, wrists, elobows, stomach, buttocks

Treatment

Oral medication and/or ointments to be used on the infected area.