Psychological impact of hormonal imbalances

Hormones can affect a woman's emotions different ways throughout her lifetime. Significant changes in hormone production or functioning could lead to mental health issues like depression and anxiety.

What's Inside?

What are hormones?

Hormones are chemical messengers produced in the body that control and regulate the activity of certain cells or organs. The human body produces hundreds of hormones, but the following have higher degree of co-relation with one’s mental/emotional health –

  • Thyroid—Energy regulation
  • Estrogen—Mood modulator
  • Progesterone—Anti-anxiety hormone
  • Testosterone—Mood, motivation, sexuality, strength

How does it affect one’s mental health?

  • Thyroid dysfunction – An abnormal level of thyroid hormones have many psychological symptoms.

Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism

  • A decrease in estrogen levels may trigger mood changes in some women. As a result, many women turn to comfort foods that are high in sugar, calories and salt to feel better. Unfortunately, such foods don’t help in elevating one’s mood. Sodium increases water retention and bloating.

Estrogen Dominance

Low Estrogen

  • A decrease in estrogen levels may trigger mood changes in some women. As a result, many women turn to comfort foods that are high in sugar, calories and salt to feel better. Unfortunately, such foods don’t help in elevating one’s mood. Sodium increases water retention and bloating.

Diagnosing and treating hormonal imbalances

Stress management – The most important step to address psychological impacts of hormonal
imbalances is to look for the root cause. Stress can present itself in varied ways in our everyday
lives and it’s imperative to keep it under control. Certain lifestyle changes and mindfulness can help
keep stress levels in check.

Medication / Therapy – As hormonal imbalance in itself included several issues that have similar psychological impacts. A healthcare provider will investigate further to establish a connection between the emotional distress being experienced and related hormonal imbalance and adequate medications can be administered to correct it. As depression is a prominent mental health issue in such cases, talk therapy can prove to be extremely beneficial by helping women understand their emotional health better.

Diet changes – Diet plays an important role in treating a health issue related to hormonal
imbalance. Controlling the levels of caffeine, alcohol, sugar, and flour, for instance as recommended
by one’s doctor can helpful.