What are the factors that impact your fertility?

While you might have heard almost a million times already how your fertility decreases with age, there are other factors, like lifestyle choices and external factors that could affect your fertility even during your most reproductive years. 

So what are the factors that are in your control and what can you do to be as ready as possible when you decide to embark on your conception journey?

  1. Normal weight: Women can enhance their chances of conceiving by maintaining a healthy weight. They do not need to achieve the perfect body, but a normal Body Mass Index (BMI) between 18 and 25. Being of healthy weight can help prevent hormonal imbalances in their body. Being overweight or underweight can also impact a woman’s menstrual cycle and the quality of her eggs. A regular exercise regime and a balanced diet can help you achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
  2. Balanced diet: A well-balanced diet consists of five food groups: legumes and vegetables, fruits, grains and cereals, lean meat and dairy products. Try to have organically grown food. Apart from this, a correct balance of macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein and fat) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) is also required. Women who are trying to get pregnant should also supplement their diet to ensure the requirements of folate, vitamin D and iodine are met.
  3. Quit smoking: Smoking causes problems not only for your lungs but also impacts your reproductive systems. Women who smoke are more likely to face delays in conception and an increased risk of miscarriages, pregnancy-related complications and low birth weight of the baby.
  4. Abstain from alcohol: Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can increase the chances of miscarriage and birth abnormalities. Since there are no recommended levels for safe alcohol consumption, women who are trying to get pregnant are advised to not consume alcohol at all.
  5. Restrict caffeine: High levels of caffeine can also adversely impact fertility. Research suggests that consuming 200mg coffee a day should not affect your chances of conceiving. This roughly translated to about 2 cups of coffee a day. For tea lovers, it would mean around 6 cups of tea a day, as one cup of coffee has caffeine worth roughly 3 cups of tea.
  6. Exposure to occupational hazards: Prolonged exposure to high temperatures, radiation, chemicals or microwave emissions can impact a woman’s fertility. Women also involved with livestock or pets have a higher chance of contracting zoonotic diseases. High mental stress could also adversely impact fertility. 


It is important to note that there is not just one single factor that impacts fertility. Many factors work towards having a healthy pregnancy, and it is best to have a regular body check-up and health assessment in order to boost your chances of having a baby.

and it is important to be in constant touch with your doctor in order to boost your chances of having a healthy baby.